Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership (VAIP)

An Effective Practice


The Voluntary Aluminum Industry Partnership (VAIP) program was launched in 1995 as a joint effort between EPA and the U.S. primary aluminum industry to reduce perfluorocarbon (PFC) emissions. PFCs are potent greenhouse gases, characterized by strong infrared radiation absorption and relative inertness in the atmosphere. Primary aluminum production is a major source of global PFC emissions. The VAIP promotes the development and adoption of cost-effective PFC emissions reduction opportunities.

Goal / Mission

The goal of the VAIP is to reduce perfluorocarbon emissions from aluminum production in the United States.

Results / Accomplishments

VAIP represents 18 of the nations 19 smelters and 98% of U.S. production capacity. VAIP Partners have substantially reduced PFC emissions over the past decade. In 2004, emissions were 2.18 MMTCE (Million Metric Tons Carbon Equivalent) less compared to Business as Usual and emissions per tonne of aluminum produced (TCE/tonne) were 77% less than in 1990. This reduction is equivalent to eliminating emissions from over 1.5 million cars (assuming an average of 11,450 lbs CO2/car/year) in 2004 alone. Plus the environment receives this benefit annually for the over 10,000 year atmospheric lifetime of PFCs.

About this Promising Practice

Primary Contact
Sally Rand
US EPA Voluntary Aluminum Industrial Partnership
MC 6207J
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, D.C. 20460
(202) 343-9739
Environment / Toxic Chemicals
Environment / Air
Environment / Weather & Global Warming
US Environmental Protection Agency
Date of publication
Date of implementation
Additional Audience
Aluminum Manufacturers

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